This is with reference to “the world day against child labor” commemorated in throughout the world including Pakistan on June 12, our country ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC) 1989, ILO Minimum Age Convention (C138) 1973 and ILO Worst Forms of Convention (C182)1999, but Ironically Pakistan Lack up to date statistics even on the state of child labor in the country. The only child labor survey in Pakistan so far was conducted in 1996, showing the number of working children 3.3 million, While estimated number of children working in Pakistan to be between 11-12 million; half of them being under the age of 10 years. Child labor in Pakistan, ranging from light to more serious and hazardous work, existing in a number of sectors with varying degrees of prevalence, Though after devolution in wake of the 18th constitutional amendment the provinces had the authority to legislate on the concerned aspect, but the provinces had failed till date for legislation in true sprit with an objective to engage children with education in school going age instead of hazardous and worse form of labor in different sectors. No, doubt in Pakistan child labor is on rise and especially the child domestic labor the highly informal or hidden nature of child labor.
Therefore the federal and provincial governments with coordination should conduct survey of child labor and street children and review the existing laws in the light of United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) and other international instruments. Following the 18th Constitutional amendment provincial governments should adopt the Employment of Children Act (ECA) 1991, child domestic labor should be added to the list of banned occupation under the ECA 1991, the child labor inspection system should be strengthened and provincial government should ensure the implementation of article 25-A of the constitution regarding the right to free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of five to 16 years.